In this informative guide, we will explore the fascinating world of garlic cultivation, focusing specifically on the stages involved in growing and caring for garlic plants. From planting to harvest, we will provide you with valuable insights and tips to help you successfully cultivate your own garlic crop. Join us on this journey as we uncover the secrets of garlic growing stages.

Understanding Elephant Garlic

Elephant garlic (Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum) is a unique plant that resembles a giant garlic bulb but is more closely related to leeks. Known for its mild garlic flavor, elephant garlic follows a biennial life cycle, completing its growth over two growing seasons. In the first year, the plant focuses on developing a single bulb, which provides the energy to produce flower stalks in the second year. These stalks often divide the initial bulb into multiple cloves.

Planting Elephant Garlic

To plant elephant garlic, begin by dividing the bulb into individual cloves. Plant each clove approximately 4 to 6 inches deep, ensuring the pointed end faces upward. Leave around 8 to 12 inches of space between cloves to promote proper airflow. Gently press the soil over the cloves and lightly water them. As the plant grows, it will produce flower stalks, known as scapes. It is advisable to trim these scapes before they curl or bloom, as they divert energy away from bulb development. The scapes are edible and can be used in cooking. Additionally, weed control is crucial to prevent competition for resources.

Caring for Elephant Garlic

Elephant garlic requires regular watering while actively growing. Keep the soil lightly moist but avoid overwatering, as it can lead to bulb rot. It is best to water in the morning, allowing foliage to dry before nighttime. Providing full sun exposure, ideally for at least six hours per day, will result in larger bulbs. The soil should be loose, well-drained, and organically rich, with a neutral pH. Adequate soil drainage and air circulation are essential to protect plants from fungal growth and rot.

Harvesting and Storage

When the foliage begins to turn yellow or brown, it is a sign that the garlic is ready for harvest. Carefully pull up the plants and remove excess soil from the bulbs. If you plan to store the garlic, curing is necessary. Spread the bulbs in a cool, dark area with good air circulation for three to eight weeks. After curing, trim the remaining roots and most of the flower stalk, leaving about an inch. Avoid washing the bulbs at this stage, as moisture can cause them to rot. Store the cured bulbs at a temperature of 45 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit and humidity levels below 50 percent. Under these conditions, they can last for eight to 10 months.

Pests and Diseases

Fortunately, elephant garlic is relatively resistant to pests and diseases. However, slugs can pose a threat, particularly to young plants during damp seasons. It is advisable to avoid chemical insecticides if you plan to consume the garlic. Fungal diseases and rot can occur in wet conditions, so ensuring proper soil drainage and air circulation is crucial. If disease or rot is present, it may be necessary to remove affected plants and restart in improved growing conditions.


By understanding the various stages of garlic growth and implementing proper care techniques, you can cultivate a successful crop of elephant garlic. From planting individual cloves to harvesting and storing the bulbs, each step plays a vital role in achieving a bountiful harvest. With adequate watering, sunlight, and soil conditions, combined with diligent pest and disease management, you can enjoy the flavorful rewards of homegrown garlic.